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Archive for Hair

June 11, 2010

Hair Care and Hair Styling Tools and Equipment

You will find it much easier to care for your hair properly if you have the right equipment. The right tool for a particular stage of hair care will save time and be more efficient. The equipment need not be expensive either; the secret is in selecting a tool to do the task properly, so that you are not always making do with second-best.

Cleanliness is very important with all hair equipment. It’s no use keeping your hair clean if you then use a dirty brush or wrap it round dirty rollers. Brushes and combs should be cleaned of loose hair after every use, and washed out with shampoo and warm water every time you wash your hair. Rollers and pins, too, can benefit from occasional water treatments. Never use anyone else’s combs, brushes, or rollers; in the interests of hygiene keep your hair-care equipment to yourself.

Combs

Combs are staple hair-care equipment.

Wide Tooth CombWide-tooth combs are useful for disentangling hair, and for combing conditioner through wet or damp hair. It is essential for combing out wet hair, when the hair is in their most fragile state. It can also be used to de-tangle dry hair. The best way to use a wide tooth comb is to start with the bottom section of your hair, working your way up.

Hair Styling CombHair styling or cutting combs have teeth that are closer together; some have widely-spaced teeth at one end and closer ones at the other. These combs are made of plastic or metal, and are used for styling and for holding hair in position while it is cut.

You can also use hairstyling combs at home to bring styling out of the salon and into your hands.

Rat Tail Comb Rattail combs are generally made of metal and are used for making careful divisions of the hair when cutting or styling. It has a long tail on the end of it.

Rat tail combs are also used as hair cut tools, and also for various other hair processes like hair relaxing and hair perm.

Afro Comb Long-tooth or Afro combs are used for very curly or thick hair; they lift the hair away from the roots rather than smoothing it.

Afro combs are particularly designed for kinky hair and have teeth with notches to channel the hair as you comb. It is a common hair tool used by African-American women.

Hair Brushes

Brushes should be chosen carefully; make sure that they do not have any rough bristles that will split or damage the hair.

Quill Brush Rubber-cushioned brushes or Quill brushes with well-spaced plastic bristles are best for use on wet hair. Hair is very easily stretched and damaged when wet, so the bristles should be smooth and not too close together.

Wooden quill brushes are also available which help distribute the hair’s natural oils while massaging the scalp at the same time.

Natural Bristle Brush Natural bristle or bristle-mix brushes have splayed bunches of bristles that are good for brushing through short, wavy, or curly hair, and that can be used to style hair that is slightly damp.

Natural boar bristle brushes help to stimulate the scalp to release natural oils while you brush. 100% boar bristles also increase shine and reduce frizz.

Hair Styling Brush Round styling brushes generally have natural bristles all the way round, and are used for shaping styles when blow-drying. They also come in vented ceramic barrels, for faster and more consistent styling.

Round styling brushes are ideal for curling, flipping and simply adding volume. You can choose from different sizes, depending on the amount of volume or curl you want.

Clips and Pins

Large Hairgrips Clips of various shapes are used to hold wet hair in position so that it dries in curls or waves or in a specific direction. Some pins are also used to hold particular styles in place invisibly.

Large hairpins are used for anchoring rollers once the hair has been wound round.

Hair Clips Metal clips are used to make single pin curls, or to hold bangs in position as they dry.

Large Hairgrips Hair Pins Grips and fine hairpins are used for making pin curls, and for securing finished styles such as topknots, French pleats, and chignons; they can be bought in various shades to match different hair colours.

Hair pins and clips also come in different colours and styles which can be used as beauty and hair accessories.

Rollers or Curlers

Spiky Rollers Rollers or curlers are used on damp hair; they hold it in position while it dries so that it is shaped into curls or waves. Setting rollers are available in different sized diameters and you can even find rollers that use non damaging steam which conditions your hair as it curls them.

Hair rollers work by breaking down the hair’s hydrogen bonds which causes the hair to bend and become curly. The broken bonds prevent hair from holding its original natural form. These hydrogen forms re-bond when exposed to moisture.

Spiky rollers should be used carefully or they can tear the hair.

Soft Foam Rollers With foam rollers the hair is wound round and secured with a plastic bar and a pin; when the hair is dry it forms into soft curls.

Mesh Rollers Mesh rollers are used a great deal in the hairstyling profession; they are held in place with clips and give a tight curl.

Electric heated rollers are also available which curl the hair with the help of heat. Other styling tools used to curl and style hair include styling wands, tongs, and heated styling brushes.

Styling Wands or Tongs

Hair Styling Wand Styling wands or tongs are generally used to curl individual strand of hair. The strand is held in place under a loose bar and wound around the heated wand. The longer it is held on the wand, the tighter the curl. Styling wands can also be used to straighten curly hair temporarily.

Styling Brushes

Heated Styling Brush Heated styling brushes have short bristles to hold the hair in place, and are powered by electricity or by small gas cylinders. The hair is wound round the bristles and the heat sets it into curls.

Heated Rollers

Revlon Heated Rollers Heated rollers are warmed by an electric current and then positioned in dry hair; they give a quick, short term set or a boost to a drooping hair style.

Hair Driers

Blow Dryer Hair driers are used to speed up the natural drying process. Drying needs to be done very carefully; if too much heat is applied, or if the drier is too close to the scalp, the hair can be damaged or the scalp burned. Dry hair is especially sensitive to over-vigorous drying, and too much heat strips it of its protective coating.

Blow Driers

Blow driers are the most commonly used home drying equipment. They are available in many different designs; some have combs and brushes that can be attached for achieving specific styles, others end in a nozzle that can be directed very accurately at particular portions of the hair. All good hair driers will have variable heat settings and an automatic cutout system in case the power supply is overloaded.

Drying Lamps

Heat Lamp Hooded Dryer Drying lamps are more commonly used in salons than at home; usually two are used together, one for the front and one for the back of your hair. They help in perming, hair setting and in speedier color processing.

Hooded dryers are portable, and are used in both salons and at home. Hood dryers are simple and safe to use and are extremely light weight, making them ideal to take along just anywhere.

Hair Straightener Hair Straighteners

Hair straighteners or hair irons come with ceramic heating elements which break down the hair’s nitrogen bonds, found in the hair’s cortex, which cause the hair to bend and become curly. Once the bonds are broken, hair is prevented from holding its original natural form, unless exposed to moisture.

Crimping Iron Crimping Irons

Crimping Irons give an easy and non-permanent way to add wave and body to straight, long hair. You can use them at home easily for all your hair styling needs.


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